For those whose tastes extend to the linguistic Mozambique Island delivers its own dialectic morsel: Enahara. This vernacular – derived from Mahkuwa, the most widely spoken indigenous language in the country – is prevalent in Nampula province and centres on the nation’s former capital.
Enahara is a coastal dialect which is spoken by some 460,000 people. However, the island is a small place and clearly not home to so many speakers, but still the link is a symbiotic one. To hear it spoken is to be transported to the wide open Rua dos Combatentes and its glorious sea views. In the distance Fort Sao Sebastiao maintains its vigil from the island’s north as its sibilant counterpart, Cobra Island, solemnly guards the southern tip. All around the tropical heat casts a delightful shimmer as Ilha’s fragrant, storied past reveals itself.
(Language Editor: Our Xangana guide should prove useful too.)
More than a UNESCO World Heritage Site, this former centre of trade is an African icon. Goan, Arabic, Swahili, Portuguese and French influences have left their indelible mark. Furthermore, the spirits left in their wake can be felt in the characterful colonial buildings, picturesque mosques and hoving churches. The atmosphere is at once crumbling and bucolic. A cool breeze, gently aiding the dhow fishing boats as they ebb in the shallow seas, creates a bubble through which time inexorably passes, but ever so slowly.
It is here the dialect comes to the fore. The easy rhythm reflects its island setting and brings with it a sense of timelessness. Listen to the lilt of Enahara and soak up centuries of an African landmark’s sun-baked history.
(Mozambique Editor: As with our Xangana primer, we won’t pretend it’s anywhere definitive. It isn’t, and it’s probably riddled with holes. However, it is the result of exploring this charming Mozambican island and trying to understand it as much as we can. That said, if anybody gets any help from it then hallelujah, we’ve done something right.)
Unleash the Enahara
I – Miano
You – Vano
He/she/it – Ala
I’m fine – Salam
Thank you – Koshukuru
Goodbye – Korua
What’s your name? – Onasi mia pani?
My name is – Nzinanakalti
Nice to meet you – Eukitzivela/Oodsuwela
Good morning – Mosheleliwa
Good afternoon – Mashkomulu
Good evening – Mokeleliwa
How much? – Enhalakavi?
Yes – Ayo
No – Nada
Sorry – Okiswamiki
Bald – Ntari
I am bald – Miano kiana ntari
I like to learn – Miano okisivela otsuwela
I like your nose – Miano okisivela epulau